The Chronology: Page-42
Sunday September 15th 1940 (Afternoon)

This is the date after which I believe Hitler's chances will rapidly dwindle. The weather holds good in a miraculous manner but there are faint premonitory puffs of wind from the South- West and a chill in the air. Dispatches received through Switzerland say that there are the beginnings of a press campaign in Germany breaking the news to the people that England is to be subdued by blockade and bombing. If this is true, Hitler is on the downgrade. I can’t for the life of me puzzle out what the Germans are up to. They have great air power and yet are dissipating it in fruitless and aimless attacks all over England. They must have an exaggerated idea of the damage they are doing and the effects of their raids on public morale. . . . Just as I finish writing this, the heavy guns commence giving tongue and the little Irish maid comes in to turn down the bed. She went over to Victoria to see the plane which crashed there and is very pleased because she saw the dead German crew extracted from the wreckage.
RAYMOND LEE, United States Military Attaché in London, 15th September 1940
SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 15th 1940 (afternoon)


The fine conditions of the morning was expected to give way to incoming cloud although it was expected to remain dry. This cloud was expected to be strato-cumulus providing about 8/10ths cover at a height of 5,000 feet. Wind was expected to be slight and from the north-west.


1300hrs: The radar stations along the Kent coast pick up movements across the Channel. It was the commencement of German bombers busily forming up for yet another raid on the British capital. Fighter Command are notified, but as there is no indication yet that the bombers are heading across the coast, it was just a 'wait and see' game, and Keith Park was content at this stage just to know the various squadron strength after the mornings combat action.

1330hrs: It is now evident that there is a massive build up west of the Calais-Boulogne area, and it seemed that this was to be a repeat  of the Luftwaffe's morning performance. The question here was......would the Luftwaffe use a greater number of bombers for this second raid. After all, the mornings raid was nothing short of a disgraceful attempt, although one must give full credit to Fighter Command in forcing the Luftwaffe to submit and return back to their bases.

If the Luftwaffe was to use greater numbers in the afternoons raid, they would have to use a maximum fighter escort not only all the way on the outward journey, but on the homeward leg as well. They should stay in position higher and behind the bombers for the duration of the raid at the expense of the usual feints that were normally carried out as this would only consume additional fuel which, for the Bf109s was a precious commodity. The German shortage of fighters compelled the division of the attack, so that some would be used twice and so that the second attack could, and with lick, catch many of Park's fighters on the ground, re-arming and refuelling. [1]

All squadrons that had been involved with the mornings action, were again placed at readiness and this included the Duxford Wing and the two squadrons from 10 Group. As time progressed, radar had reported that the formation had broke up into three distinct groups, and that it was possible that each group was following a short distance behind another.

1400hrs: Even though all the squadrons had been brought to readiness, some squadrons, especially those some distance from London were still being re-armed and refuelled, and quite a few pilots were not with their squadrons. These had been shot down or baled out of their stricken aircraft and had made their way to other airfields and had telephoned in to their home bases, while some were being ferried back but had not yet arrived. Those that had got back, found the time to have a bit of lunch while their aircraft were in the hands of the ground crews. This was one of the reasons that the Luftwaffe had made this second raid so soon after midday, as they knew that it would take Fighter Command to take at least two hours to get all their squadrons back to full strength. The hoped that by the time that they crossed the English coast that most of the  RAF fighters would still be on the ground.

The German formations that were approaching the Kent coast was made up of three distinct formations. All consisted of Dornier Do17s, Heinkel He111s and Dornier 215s from KG/2, KG/53 and KG/76. Smaller gruppes came from KG/1, KG/4 and KG/26 which made up a total bomber force of 170 aircraft. These were supported by Bf110 and Bf109s as escorts and their number was in excess of 300. [2]

Most of the bomber formations had come from airfields in the Beauvais and Antwerp areas.

Park scrambled squadrons in almost the same order as he had done so only three hours earlier, but because the German formation had taken less time in 'forming up' the 11 Group commander had less time to get his fighters into the air, coupled with the fact that some squadrons were still re-arming and refuelling, the efficiency was not as good as it had been during the morning period.

1410hrs: Keith Park could see the incoming raid building up quickly and immediately his sector controllers of the afternoon raid. The station controllers then notified the squadrons who were placed on "standby". 12 Group were called up by 11 Group who again requested maximum assistance just as they had done during the morning period. The same applied to 10 Group. Within a couple of minutes, following a similar pattern that had proved so successful during the morning, 11 Group "scrambled " eleven squadrons and placed the rest on "standby". At the same time,  Wing Commander Woodall at Duxford, "scrambled " his Duxford Wing which comprised 19 Squadron (Spitfires), 242 Squadron (242 Squadron (Hurricanes), 302 Squadron (Hurricanes), 310 Squadron (Hurricanes) and 611 Squadron (Spitfires). The only change that Park made that differed from the morning attack, was that he held more of his fighters back giving orders that they patrol areas to the east, south and west of London. The squadrons that were vectored to the forward areas were mainly instructed to attack the enemy fighters. This was probably due to the fact that by forcing the enemy escorts into combat early, they would use up far more fuel, and the morning raid had showed him that the bombers were far more vulnerable when the reached the outskirts of London, and the net result was that Fighter Command inflicted far more damage to aircraft over London than over the Kent coast.

1415hrs: The first of the bomber formations crossed the Kent coast between Dungeness and Dover, with the other formations behind and flying at 15 minute intervals. The actual times of the bombers crossing the coast was at 1415hrs, 1430hrs and 1440hrs. The combined formation was mainly He111s, Do17s and Do215s. The Observer Corps estimated that the total enemy bomber force was between 150 and 200 bombers. The escorts, flying as close escort and high altitude cover were the usual Bf110s and Bf109s and it is estimated that these numbered approximately 400. In total, a combined force of 600 plus aircraft heading north towards London on a front some thirty miles wide.

1430hrs: The first engagements took place over Kent. Squadrons from Hornchurch intercepted a large formation of Dorniers south of Canterbury. Diving down in line astern they managed to destroy two of the bombers and another couple were wheeling away leaving behind a trail of thick black smoke. But they were jumped upon by Bf109s and intense combat took place between the fighters of both sides allowing the Do17s to continue their journey. Two aircraft of the Hornchurch squadrons were damaged.

Another formation consisting of Dornier Do17s and Heinkel He111s was detected south of Maidstone, and without any Bf109 protection, they became the targets for 73 Squadron Debden (Hurricanes) who managed to destroy three of the bombers without loss to themselves. West of this attack near Dartford, 66 Squadron Gravesend (Spitfires) and 72 Squadron Croydon (Spitfires) intercepted another column of enemy aircraft where again, as with the others the combat action was intense. The Spitfires weaved in and out of the bombers managing to avoid collision in the huge traffic jam that was forming. Bombers started to take evasive action by banking either left or right. Just as another bomber formation was approaching from the south, the mêlée was joined by 249 Squadron North Weald (Hurricanes) and 504 Squadron Hendon (Hurricanes) and the large colossus of enemy bombers went into a frantic flight pattern. 73 Squadron who had engaged the formation from the outset, had now been entwined into the huge dogfight as well as 253 Squadron Kenley (Hurricanes).

The western flank saw Do17s, He111s and Ju88s which numbered about eighty curve right from Kent, across the outskirts of Surrey and heading towards the western side of London. A terrific battle ensued as fighters from 213 Squadron Tangmere (Hurricanes) and 607 Squadron Tangmere (Hurricanes) which had been vectored to cover Biggin Hill intercepted the large formation. Again, Bf109s were seen to the south of London, but decided not to come to the aid of the bomber formation which managed to get mauled by the Hurricane squadrons. This was one of the most intense battles. The British fighter tore into the enemy like hungry cats to a flock of wounded birds.

I started to chase one Dornier which was flying through the tops of the clouds. Did you ever see that film "Hells Angels?" You'll remember how the Zeppelin came so slowly out of the cloud. Well, this Dornier reminded me of that. I attacked him four times altogether. When he first appeared through the cloud—you know how clouds go up and down like foam on water —I fired at him from the left, swung over to the right, turned in towards another hollow in the cloud, where I expected him to reappear, and fired at him again. After my fourth attack he dived down headlong into a clump of trees in front of a house, and I saw one or two cars parked in the gravel drive in front. I wondered whether there was anyone in the doorway watching the bomber crash. Then I climbed up again to look for some more trouble and found it in the shape of a Heinkel III which was being attacked by three Hurricanes and a couple of Spitfires.

I had a few cracks at the thing before it made a perfect landing on an RAF aerodrome. The Heinkels undercarriage collapsed and the pilot pulled up, after skidding 50 yards in a cloud of dust. I saw a tall man get out of the right-hand side of the aircraft, and when I turned back he was helping a small man across the aerodrome towards a hangar.

Squadron leader John Sample 501 Squadron Kenley
1450hrs: Even though most of the attacking bombers had been thrown off their planned flight path, many of them managed to get through to the southern areas of London. If they thought that most of Fighter Commands fighters were behind them and still engaged in combat over Kent and Surrey, they were in for a big surprise. Now, as in the morning session, they were met by 49 fighters of Bader's "Duxford Wing". Combine this with a number of other squadrons that had followed the leading bombers and two other squadrons that had just joined the action, a total of some 150 more fighters awaited them.
Every squadron in 11 Group had intercepted, and at that moment I saw Douglas Bader's wing of five squadrons coming in from Duxford. This was the day that Goering had said to his fighters the RAF was down to their last 50 Spitfires. But they'd run up against twenty-three squadrons for a start, when they were on their way in, and then, when they got over London, with the Messerschmitt 109s running out of fuel, in comes Douglas Bader with sixty more fighters....."
Flight Lieutenant R.W. Oxspring 66 Squadron Fighter Command
Again, Bader ordered the Spitfires to attack the Bf109s, who for some strange reason had not left their bombers early as on previous occasions, while the Hurricanes attacked the bombers. They were at a disadvantage as they were still climbing and had not had the time to get into position. The "Duxford Wing" leader complained later that it was the case again of being called on far too late, but the real reason this time was that the Germans had formed up much quicker this time that almost caught even Keith Park off guard.

But this was not to be the best of afternoons for Bader:

......the Wing was scrambled again to patrol North Weald, and Bader led them through a gap in the clouds.
At 16,000 feet, flak bursts ahead, and in moments he saw the bombers; about forty of them, some 4,000 feet above the Hurricanes. Damn! Everything risked again because they were scrambled too late. Throttle hard on, the thundering Hurricane had her nose steeply lifted, nearly hanging on her propeller at about 100 m.p.h.

A voice screamed: “109’s behind.”

Over his shoulder the yellow spinners were diving on them and he yelled as he steep-turned, “Break up!” Around him the sky was full of wheeling Hurricanes and 109’s. A yellow spinner was sitting behind his tail, and as he yanked harder back on the stick an aeroplane shot by, feet away. Bader hit its slipstream and the Hurricane shuddered, stalled and spun off the turn. He let it spin a few turns to shake off the 109 and came out of it at 5,000 feet. All clear behind.

Far above a lone Dornier was heading for France, and he climbed and chased it a long way, hanging on his propeller nearly at stalling speed again. Near the coast he was just about in range and fired a three-second burst, but the recoil of the guns slowed the floundering Hurricane till she suddenly stalled and spun off again. He pulled out and searched the sky but the enemy had vanished.

Paul Brickhill Reach for the Sky Collins 1954 pp221-222
When Bader had first spun out, he almost collided with P/O Denis Crowley-Milling, and it was while in Crowley-Milling's slipstream that he went into the spin and did not pull out until 5,000 feet. Bader was annoyed, possibly only with himself that it had happened, but not being able to gain height to attack another bomber only rubbed salt into the wound.

The combat action over the southern and south western areas of London was intense. The formation that had been intercepted as far away as Maidstone somehow managed to straggle through, many of the Bf109s managed to stay as long as they could, but with fuel tanks getting into the danger zone, they had to break off and leave many of the bombers at the mercy of the British fighters. The German bombers, who had intended to drop their bomb loads on London itself, had jettisoned them in scattered areas in London's eastern and southern suburbs that suffered most. The most severe damage was done in West Ham, East Ham, Stratford, Stepney, Hackney, Erith, Dartford and Penge. Fighter Command now had everything that they possessed in the air, even the Station Commander of Northolt Group Captain S.F. Vincent.

1500hrs: 303 Squadron had been ordered up at Northolt at 1420hrs and were vectored to cover the north Kent coast along the Thames. The squadron consisted of nine Hurricanes and was led by S/L R. Kellett when they sighted a large formation coming towards them. Interception was made over Gravesend. The Squadron Intelligence Report describes the action on this day:

S/L Kellett was ordered to patrol Northolt at 20,000 ft. and took off with the nine serviceable machines. The other Squadrons had left sometime previously and 303 operated throughout alone. On reaching a height of 6000 ft. the Squadron was vectored 100 degrees and climbed over the l.A.Z. When still 2,000 ft below their patrol level, they sighted coming head on from the southeast a very large formation of bombers and fighters. The Bombers were in vics of three sections line astern with Me11Os in sq formation between the vics of Bombers. To the flanks and stepped up above to 25,000 ft. were many formations of Me1O9s. Blue Section had got rather in front of the others, and wheeling round to let them come up. S/L Kellett had to deliver a quarter frontal attack instead of head on. This he did initially with only the other two members of Blue Section - Sgt. Wojciechowski and P/O Zak. Probably as there were a lot of clouds about, the enemy imagined that this was the advance guard of a large force and began to wheel towards the east, and when the other two sections came in they turned completely to the east. After the first rush the Me11Os and the 109s fell upon the nine Hurricanes which were compelled to defend themselves individually as best they could, and escaped destruction in the clouds. As it was, four of the aircraft which returned were slightly damaged by enemy fire, one, Sgt Adruszkow’s, was destroyed, the pilot baling out unhurt at Dartford, and Sgt Brzezowski is missing.
Intelligence Report of 303 Squadron Northolt 11 Group Sept 15th 1940

303 Squadron was in the air just one hour and ten minutes before they returned back to Northolt. In this time, they had destroyed three Dornier Do215's, two Messerschmitt Bf110's and one Bf109. One Do215 was seen to break away from the combat action trailing smoke and losing altitude, but its fate is not known and the squadron was also credited with a probable. But only seven of the nine Hurricanes returned, with one pilot missing and another Hurricane crashing near Dartford with the pilot managing to bale out of his aircraft.

Flying Officer R.H. Oxspring of 66 Squadron Gravesend (Spitfires) said later that every squadron in 11 Group and the five squadrons from Duxford had in some way intercepted raiders and engaged combat. For the enemy bomber crews, it was now a no win situation. They were outnumbered over their target area, so much so that accurate bombing was virtually impossible. More and more squadrons were moving into areas to cut off any retreat so that when they did decide to abort, trying to get into the protection of the cloud cover would be their only hope of survival. Group Captain Vincent wrote in his report:

I was climbing over Northolt to watch the Northolt Wing in action, and saw approximately five miles S.W. and west of base, streamers from very high enemy fighters. When at 20,000 feet, I saw approaching from the south I saw a formation of about 18 He111s at approx. 17,000 feet with a very large number of Me109's, on each side, above and behind, mostly about 2,000 feet above the bombers.

I was therefore able to carry out a head on attack on the bombers, breaking away below, and then one from vertically below and stalling away - I was unable to see any possible result of either attack owing to the Me109's. The bombers then turned back to the south.

I climbed up towards the sun and tried to attack a Me109 but had to leave it owing to others coming down onto me from above, but saw three Me109's chasing a Hurricane at right angles to me from left to right, and when the Hurricane dived away (straightening out 5,000 feet below) and the Me's turned back onto their course. I was able to get in a good position on the tail of the third one. Before I opened fire I saw No.1 burst into flames, and the pilot jump out in a parachute; he had obviously been shot down by No.2 who was close in astern of him.

I gave one very short burst of about one second at No.3 at about 200 yards and immediately pieces came off from the port side of his fuselage, I estimate, to the south of Farnborough. I could not then see No.2 as my attention was diverted by the two parachutes.

All Me109's had light blue undersurfaces and dull grey mottled top surfaces with black crosses on fuselages.

Group Captain S.F. Vincent Station Commander Northolt 11 Group Sept 15th 1940

One of the Luftwaffe pilots who had to make a rather ungracious landing was the veteran Professor von Wedel. Like most of the Bf 109 pilots, they stayed with the Dorniers as long as possible, but the fuel situation forced them to leave early leaving the bombers in a very vulnerable position. On the return journey, his flight of Bf 109s were attacked by 605 Squadron Croydon, 1 RCAF Squadron Northolt and 229 Squadron Northolt all flying Hurricanes. It is believed that one of the Hurricanes of 1 RCAF Squadron followed von Wedel down, the veteran not being able to out manoeuvre the Hurricane, was hit and his Bf 109 had lost its controls. He tried in vain to make a landing on Romney Marsh, but the controls did not respond, and he made a heavy wheels up landing at a farmhouse, destroying a shed in which a mother and daughter were sitting in a car awaiting the father who was about to take them out on a Sunday drive. Both mother and daughter were killed instantly. A local policeman arrived on the scene to find a battered and bruised von Wedel wandering around in an almost tearful state, and as he apologized to the policeman for what he had done, the constable simply asked " would you like a cup of tea sir !!!!".
Sgt P.R Eyles 92 Squadron Biggin Hill (Spitfires) picks up a Do17 heading south and attacks. A short burst at first has no impact and he has to circle round and decides to have another attack. He gains a little height then sweeps down preparing to make an astern attack. Another short burst and pieces fly off the starboard side of the bomber and the tell tale smoke from the starboard engine indicates damage. As the Spitfire banks away he jumped on from above by  Bf109 but the Biggin Hill pilot reacts quickly and take evasive action. He starts to climb and has lost sight of the German fighter, and looks for the crippled Dornier below. It continues its journey and could not have suffered too much damage as it is still flying straight and level.

The sergeant lines up his Spitfire to make another attack when he spots the Bf109 on his port side coming at him. He turns and attempts a beam attack on the 109. As they close in at an impact speed of something over five hundred miles an hour, both seem to fire at the same time, the Spitfire vibrates slightly, but does not seem to be damaged too severely, it is still responsive and all dials and controls seem to be behaving normally. Smoke poured from the engine area of the Messerschmitt and it starts to lose altitude in graceful fashion then levels out. Sgt Eyles pulls back on the stick and gains altitude. The recognizable wake of smoke heading out over the Kent coastline indicates the Dornier is making progress. The Spitfire heads in that direction, gaining height all the time. No other aircraft seem to be in the area to impede his next attack.

His combat report states that he was well across the Channel before he caught up with the bomber where he made another attack and saw more pieces fly off the fuselage and the other engine catch fire, but seeing a number of small specs coming at him from the French coast, decided to call it a day and head back towards base only claiming the Do17 as a probable.
Sgt Eyles was to try a similar action three days later, but was shot down by Major Moelders off the coast near Dungeness and was never seen again.

The bulk of the fighting took place over London and its outskirts from Dartford westward, where five pairs of squadrons from 11 Group and the wing from 12 Group were all in action between ten minutes to three and a quarter past, mainly with the third formation but probably also with survivors of the other two. In the course of the action the enemy distributed a big bombload over London and its outskirts, scoring several lucky hits on public utilities and railways. At East Ham a gas-holder and a telephone exchange were wrecked; and considerable damage was done to a variety of targets on both banks of the river at West Ham and Erith. Many other riverside boroughs reported hits; but the harm done was nothing like as great as that sustained eight days before in the first of the big daylight raids on London. Again retiring by two distinct routes, the attackers were engaged on the way out by another four squadrons, including two from 10 Group. Guns of the inner artillery zone and the Thames and Medway defences were also in action and claimed a number of successes."
Basil Collier, The Defence of the United Kingdom, HMSO, 1957
Meanwhile, Flight Lieutenant W.G. Clouston of 19 Squadron Duxford (Spitfires) took the two sections of his squadron to attack a formation of Do17s over Shoeburyness. Making their attack in line astern they made their attacks before any Bf109s arrived. F/L Couston lined up one, and gave a series of short bursts, one of the engines of the Dornier exploded in flame and smoke. Before he lost sight of it, ten feet of the bombers wing broke away and fell earthwards causing the bomber to roll over and spiral down to a watery grave below.

1600hrs: As the last of the bombers were being chased back across the Channel, and many of the squadrons who has fought one of the heaviest air combats of the Battle of Britain retired to their respective aerodromes, another small raid had been detected and was approaching the Dorset town of Portland. It was just a small force of about ten He111s and 10 Group scrambled 152 Squadron Warmwell (Spitfires), 607 Squadron Tangmere (Hurricanes) and 609 Squadron Warmwell (Spitfires). The enemy target was the Woolston Spitfire factory which was hit, the bombing was not accurate and severe damage was kept to a minimum. 602 and 609 Squadrons both intercepted after the bombers attacked their target, and both claimed that they had destroyed two aircraft each.

1800hrs: A small formation of Bf110s from Erpro 210, once the crack dive bombing gruppe of the Luftwaffe, made an attack again on the Woolston factory complex. Most of the British fighters that had been up on constant sorties during the afternoon had returned to their bases and by this time were busy being rearmed, refuelled and many were undergoing their usual repairs from damage sustained during the hectic afternoon. Therefore the Bf110s were free from any attack or interception by Hurricanes or Spitfires. The task of defence was by the AA gun batteries who put up a tremendous fight in defence with accurate gunfire, which although they did not shoot down any enemy aircraft, the barrage that they put up was so aggressive that not a single bomb was dropped onto the Spitfire factory.

As the afternoon attack came slowly to an end, one by one the often tired and exhausted pilots returned to their bases. It had been a long and hectic day, Many of the pilots stated that 'they had very close to buying it' but such was their determination that saw them through, yet each one still had to remember that he was not invincible, the thought of death was still a reality, but many put it to the back of their minds.

Some of us would die within the next few days. That was inevitable. But you did not believe that it would be you. Death was always present, and we knew it for what it was. If we had to die, we would be alone, smashed to pieces, burnt alive, or drowned. Some strange, protecting veil kept the nightmare thought from our minds, as did the loss of our friends. Their disappearance struck us as less a solid blow than a dark shadow which chilled our hearts and passed on.
Squadron Leader Peter Townsend 85 Squadron RAF (later Group Captain)
But the day belonged to Royal Air Force Fighter Command, they were unaware of it then, but they had achieved something on September 15th 1940 that would go down in world history. Their guts, determination and courage was at long last to pay off, they would turn the tide in controlling the skies over south-east England. This day was to belong to them, and in future years was to become known as "Battle of Britain Day".
"This time, for a change, we outnumbered the hun, and believe me, no more than eight got home from that party.
At one time you could see planes going down on fire all over the place, and the sky seemed full of parachutes. It was sudden death that morning, for our fighters shot them to blazes.
Squadron Leader Douglas Bader 242 Squadron RAF Fighter Command

For this day only, to indicate the severity of the days combat actions the full casualty list is displayed.
Aircraft shown in red are those that were lost or destroyed

1140hrs: Croydon. Hurricane L2122. 605 Squadron Croydon
P/O R.E. Jones unhurt. (Shot down in combat with Do17s and Bf109s. Pilot baled out of damaged aircraft)
1150hrs: Sevenoaks Kent. Hurricane N2537. 229 Squadron Northolt
P/O G.L.D. Doutrepont killed. (Crashed onto Staplehurst Railway Station after being shot down by Bf109s)
1200hrs: Sevenoaks Kent. Hurricane V6616. 229 Squadron Northolt
P/O R.R. Smith wounds to leg. (Baled out after combat with Do215 and Bf110s)
1210hrs: Tunbridge Wells. Hurricane P3080. 1 RCAF Squadron Northolt
F/O A.D. Nesbitt wounded. (Shot down by Bf109. Baled out)
1210hrs: Tunbridge Wells. Hurricane P3876. 1 RCAF Squadron Northolt
F/O R. Smither killed. (Attacked and shot down by Bf109. Pilot failed to bale out)
1215hrs: London. Hurricane P2725. 504 Squadron Hendon
Sgt R.T. Holmes unhurt. (Baled out after aircraft damaged by Bf109 crashed in Buckingham Palace Rd)
1215hrs: Canterbury. Spitfire R6767. 92 Squadron Biggin Hill
Fl/Sgt C. Sydney unhurt. (Returned to base with damage to wing after combat with Bf109s)
1220hrs: Maidstone. Hurricane P3865. 73 Squadron Debden
P/O R.A. Marchand killed. (Crashed into farm at Teynham after being shot down by Bf109s)
1225hrs: London. Hurricane L1913. 504 Squadron Hendon
F/O M.E.A. Royce unhurt. (Returned to base with oil cooler problem after combat action)
1230hrs: Thames Estuary. Hurricane P3642. 257 Squadron Debden
P/O C.F.A. Capon unhurt. (Made forced landing at Croydon after combat action)
1230hrs: London. Spitfire R6690. 609 Squadron Warmwell
P/O G.N. Gaunt killed. (Crashed in flames near Kenley after being hit by gunfire from Bf110)
1230hrs: London. Hurricane N2599. 46 Squadron North Weald
Sgt C.A.L. Hurry unhurt. (Returned to base with damage to mainplane)
1230hrs: Thurrock Essex. Spitfire P9324. 41 Squadron Hornchurch
P/O G.A. Langley killed. (Crashed into building after being shot down by Bf109s)
1230hrs: Middle Wallop. Spitfire K9997. 609 Squadron Warmwell
P/O E.Q. Tobin unhurt. (Crashed into airfield truck on landing approach)
1235hrs: Thames Estuary. Hurricane P3620. 257 Squadron Debden
Fl/Lt P.M. Brothers unhurt. (Landed at Biggin Hill for safety check with damage sustained in combat)
1235hrs: Ashford. Hurricane V7433. 501 Squadron Kenley
S/L H.A.V. Hogan unhurt. (Damaged in cooling system after combat with Bf109s. Made forced landing)
1245hrs: London. Hurricane V6576. 242 Squadron Coltishall
Fl/Lt G.E. Ball unhurt. (Made forced landing with damaged aircraft after combat action)
1245hrs: Ashford. Hurricane P2760. 501 Squadron Kenley
P/O A.E.A von den Hove d'Ertsenrijck killed. (Aircraft exploded in mid-air after hit by gunfire from Bf109)
1245hrs: Kent. Hurricane P2903. 303 Squadron Northolt
P/O W. Lokuciewski leg wounds. (Returned to base after receiving damage by Bf109)
1258hrs: South London. Hurricane N2481. 504 Squadron Hendon
P/O J.T. Gurteen killed. (Shot down by enemy aircraft and crashed at full throttle into residential house)
1430hrs: Marden. Hurricane L2012. 605 Squadron Croydon
P/O T.P.M. Cooper-Slipper injured. (Hit by gunfire from Do17. Collided with E/A losing wing. Pilot baled out)
1430hrs: Thames Estuary. Hurricane R4087. 310 Squadron Duxford
Sgt J. Hubacek slight injuries. (Baled out after aircraft was hit by Bf109 gunfire)
1435hrs: S.E. London. Hurricane V6566. 249 Squadron North Weald
P/O K.T. Lofts unhurt. (Crash landed at West Malling after attacked by Bf109 while attacking He111)
1440hrs: Rye Kent. Hurricane P2884. 242 Squadron Coltishall
Fl/L G. ff Powell-Sheddon slight injuries. (Shot down by Bf109 while attacking Do17 and baled out)
1445hrs: North Weald. Hurricane P2954. 302 Squadron Duxford
Fl/Lt T.P. Chlopik killed. (Shot down by enemy aircraft. Baled out but died on landing)
1445hrs: Thames Estuary. Hurricane R4085. 310 Squadron Duxford
P/O A. Hess unhurt. (Shot down in flames by enemy aircraft and pilot baled out safely)
1445hrs: S.E. London. Hurricane N2705. 504 Squadron Hendon
F/O M. Jebb died of injuries 19.9.40. (Crashed at Dartford after combat with enemy aircraft)
1445hrs: South of London. Hurricane L1973. 1 RCAF Squadron Northolt
F/O A. Yuile wounded. (Returned to base with severe damage after combat with He111 and poss Bf109s)
1450hrs: Ashford. Spitfire R6606. 92 Squadron Biggin Hill
P/O R.H. Holland slight injuries. (Injuries sustained on landing after baling out of damaged aircraft)
1450hrs: S of London. Spitfire II P7303. 611 Squadron Digby
F/O T.D. Williams unhurt. (Returned to base with severe damage after combat with He111)
1500hrs: Dartford. Hurricane P3939. 303 Squadron Northolt
Sgt T. Andruszkow unhurt. (Baled out after being hit by gunfire from Bf109)
1500hrs: Ashford. Spitfire P9513. 92 Squadron Biggin Hill
P/O A.C. Bartley unhurt. (Returned to base with damage after combat with Do17)
1500hrs: Over Channel. Spitfire R6991. 19 Squadron Duxford
Sub/Lt A.G. Blake unhurt. (Made forced landing in Kent after combat action)
1500hrs: Maidstone. Hurricane P3515. 242 Squadron Coltishall
Sub/Lt R.J. Cork unhurt. (Made landing at Rochford. Damage to cockpit and wings in combat with Bf109)
1500hrs: North Kent. Hurricane R2685. 303 Squadron Northolt
P/O M. Feric unhurt. (Returned to base after aircraft damaged by gunfire from Bf109s)
1500hrs: North Kent. Hurricane V7465. 303 Squadron Northolt
S/L R.G. Kellett unhurt. (Returned to base with damaged aircraft after action with Bf109s)
1500hrs: Hawkhurst. Hurricane P3113. 213 Squadron Tangmere
Sgt R.T. Llewellyn badly wounded. (Shot down in combat with Bf110s and baled out)
1500hrs: Kenley. Hurricane P2836. 238 Squadron Middle Wallop
Sgt L. Pidd killed. (Baled out after being shot down by enemy aircraft but was dead on landing)
1500hrs: Kenley. Hurricane L2089. 238 Squadron Middle Wallop
P/O V.C. Simmonds unhurt. (Returned to base with damage to aircraft tailplane after combat)
1500hrs: Off Gravesend. Hurricane V6673. 303 Squadron Northolt
Sgt M. Wajciechowski unhurt. (Returned to base after aircraft damaged by gunfire from Bf109s)
1505hrs: West Malling. Hurricane P3920. 238 Squadron Middle Wallop
Fl/Lt M.V. Blake unhurt. (Aircraft damaged in combat and had to make a forced landing)
1505hrs: Gravesend. Hurricane P3577. 303 Squadron Northolt
Sgt M. Brzezowski Listed as missing. (Believed crashed in Estuary after combat with Bf109s)
1505hrs: North Weald. Hurricane P3935. 302 Squadron Duxford
Sgt J. Kowalski unhurt. (Aircraft damaged by enemy aircraft and returned to base)
1505hrs: Kingswood Kent. Spitfire X4324. 603 Squadron Hornchurch
F/O A.P. Pease killed. (Shot down by unknown enemy aircraft. Pilot did not bale out)
1505hrs: Over Channel. Spitfire X4070. 19 Squadron Duxford
Sgt J.A. Potter taken POW. (Ditched damage aircraft off French coast and captured by German military)
1505hrs: Gravesend. Hurricane V6684. 303 Squadron Northolt
F/O W. Urbanowicz unhurt. (Returned to base after aircraft damaged by gunfire from Bf109s)
1505hrs: Gravesend. Hurricane L2099. 303 Squadron Northolt
F/O W. Zak unhurt. (Returned to base after aircraft damaged by gunfire from Bf109s)
1510hrs: Kenley. Hurricane P3462. 238 Squadron Middle Wallop
F/O C.T. Davis unhurt. (Managed to return to base with damaged aircraft)
1510hrs: Kent. Spitfire R7019. 603 Squadron Hornchurch
S/L G.L. Denholm unhurt. (Hit by gunfire from Do17. Baled out of damaged aircraft)
1510hrs: Rye Sussex. Spitfire R6922. 609 Squadron Warmwell
F/O J.D. Dundas unhurt. (Returned to base with severe damage after combat with Do17)
1510hrs: Over Channel. Spitfire P9431. 19 Squadron Duxford
Sgt H.A.C. Roden slight injuries. (Crash landed after combat with Bf109)
1515hrs: Appledore. Hurricane V6688. 607 Squadron Tangmere
P/O P.J.T. Stephenson injured. (Collided with E/A after attack on Do17. Pilot baled out)
1520hrs: Beachy Head. Spitfire X4412. 602 Squadron Westhampnett
Sgt C.F. Babbage unhurt. (Made forced landing at Shoreham with damage by gunfire from Do17)
1530hrs: Over Channel. Hurricane V6698. 253 Squadron Kenley
P/O A.R.H. Barton unhurt. (Damaged in combat with Do215s. Forced landing at Hawkinge)
1635hrs: Kenley. Hurricane P3833. 238 Squadron Middle Wallop
P/O A.R. Covington unhurt. (Exhausted fuel tank and made forced landing near East Grinstead)
Unknown time: Boscombe Down. Hurricane P3660. 56 Squadron Boscombe Down
Sgt T.R. Tweed killed. (Failed to come out of spin during dog fight practice over base)

Document 51
SEPT 15th 1940

Have you checked out all the documents linked from this page
Document 6.   Profile on Sir Winston Churchill
Document 7.   Historic Letter from ACM Hugh Dowding to Winston Churchill
Document 8.   Profile on Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding
Document 9.   Profile of Air Vice Marshal Keith Park
Document 10.   Profile on Air Vice Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory

Document 11.   Profile on Chancellor Adolf Hitler

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